Chemotherapy related hair loss
Chemotherapy consists of the administration of drugs that destroy rapidly reproducing cancer cells. Cancer cells are some of the most rapidly reproducing cells in the body, but other cells, such as those which contribute to the formulation of hair shafts and nails, are also rapidly reproducing. Unfortunately, while chemotherapy drugs preferentially destroy cancer cells, the drugs also can destroy those cells responsible for normal growth of hair and nails. Cancer patients sometimes shed their hair and nails during treatment. Chemotherapy drugs are poisonous to the cells of the hair root responsible for the hair shaft formation. Usually, the hair is lost rapidly in large quantities during treatment. No hair growth stimulates, shampoos, conditioners or other cosmetic treatments can prevent or retard the hair loss. The good news, however, is that once chemotherapy is complete, the hair usually grows back.
How and when hair growth returns
Adequate hair growth may take six months to one year after chemotherapy
- Returning hair may be different from the hair that was lost. Due to the absence or alteration of pigment the hair may grow back white, gray or a different color. Eventually, as the pigment cells return to normal, the original color should return.
- It is common for the new hair returning to be finer in texture initially, but like color, the texture should return to its original thickness.
- Shampoo hair twice weekly with a mild shampoo such as those intended for dry or damaged hair.
- The scalp should also be thoroughly massaged to remove any scale.
- Follow shampoo with a conditioner for fine or limp hair.
- Avoid high heat from blow dryers to the hair and skin.
- Keep hairstyling to a minimum due the new hair being prone to breakage. Brushing, combing, hairpins and curling should all be minimized. Curling appliances should be avoided, as the scalp is very tender following chemotherapy.
- Hair styling aids such as mousse, hair spray, hair spritz, styling gel and sculpturing gel may be used in moderation. It is best to select products with normal to light holding ability, as the high hold products may not be completely removed with mild shampoos. Hair styling aids can build up on the hair shaft resulting in dullness and possibly scalp disease.
- Shaving the head eliminates the embarrassment of hair loss.
- Shaving the head is less traumatic than going through the actual hair loss process.
- Shaving facilitates wig security and comfort (i.e. vacuum bases, two-way tape and other adhesives).
- Attractive head coverings (i.e. turbans, scarves) are available to cover the head during hair loss.
- Many insurance companies will reimburse you for the cost of a wig.
- Start searching for a wig before you loose your hair (Custom-made wigs take 6-8 weeks to be made).
- Start with a simple style. It will be easier to maintain.
- Choose a casual style vs. a wig with a lot of curls.
- During chemotherapy you will have complete hair loss. Avoid hair weaves, extensions, hair integrations and hair intensifiers. A full prosthesis (wig) is required.
It is sometimes difficult to be patient, but as the body is returning to normal and getting over the significant insult, time is a necessary ingredient.
Hair care tips for new hair growth
Can I perm my hair as it's growing in?
Chemical curling or permanent waving of the hair is best avoided until the hair is at least three inches long. It is difficult to get nice curls if the hair is much shorter even with a healthy head of hair. For best results, use a mild wave with short processing time. The hair should be wrapped loosely on the largest size curling rod possible. Looser curls will be less damaging to the recovering hair shaft, and will thus minimize hair shaft breakage.
WARNING! Many patients cannot tolerate the perm solution on their scalp for some times up to one year following chemotherapy. This extreme sensitivity of the scalp is not unusual during the regrowth period. In such cases perms should not be attempted. Have your hair dresser do a strand test on you to make sure your scalp can tolerate the perm solution.
Hair coloring may also be irritating to the sensitive scalp and should be avoided until the scalp is healed; the hair may be colored.
Permanent hair colorings are the most damaging to the hair shaft and should be minimized in favor of semi-permanent hair colorings which are gradually washed away with four to six shampooings.
Bleaching to lighten the hair color should not be attempted at this time. Additionally, the hair should be altered only 3 shades from its regrowth color as more drastic color changes could increase hair shaft breakage.
This period of time following chemotherapy treatment is a time of healing and rebuilding for the body. Hair growth will gradually return, and with time most patients regain a healthy head of hair. Following some of the enclosed hair care tips will insure that the regrown hair looks and feels its very best.
A word of caution to parents with children undergoing chemotherapy. The absence of hair can be used in a positive manner. It can signal to others "handle with care". While undergoing chemotherapy the child has a low blood count and can be bruised easily.
At the onset of hair loss, the very first hair fall, some patients choose to shave the scalp. Their reasons are the following:
World of Wigs has wig experts on staff to assist you in choosing a wig that fits your needs. Our company works closely with hospitals and doctors in Southern California. We also assist non-profit organizations in providing patients with wigs and turbans.
Please contact us for more information